“Mathematical Olympiad” is basically a talent search programme for the pre-university students. The main purpose of the programme is to encourage students to develop their mathematical ability. Through this programme a nationwide search is made every year to spot talented students in the field of Mathematics.
India, this programme is a major initiative undertaken by the National Board for Higher Mathematics (NBHM). On behalf of NBHM this programme is organized every year by Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE), Mumbai. HBCSE has been organizing this programme since 1988. This progoramme is the earliest programme from amongst other similar programmes organized now for difference science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Astrophysics. INMO programme is the only programme which leads to participation of Indian students at the International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) which was started way back in 1959 and is held in different countries every year (In India it was held in 1996). There are more than 100 participating countries. Indian performance has always been satisfactory.
From the year 2015, Indian team is also participating in (i) Asian-Pacific Mathematics Olympiad,and (ii) European Girls Mathematics Olympiad (for girls only).
Organization, conduction and training
For the selection of the talented students the tests are held throughout the country on a single day with a single paper. The questions asked are really challenging and they measure the students capacity for original critical thinking.
For holding and selecting the most talented the country has been divided in 23 regions in addition to three groups (CBSE, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan and Navodaya Vidyalaya Sangathan). Each region is assigned a regional coordinator who organizes the tests for I and II stages. The students belonging to these three groups have an opinion to take the test through Regional Co-ordinator.